From Industrial policy to Economic and social upgrading
This country study explores how Vietnam can improve economic policies to achieve social upgrading linked to economic upgrading.
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Shifting away from enterprise unionism: experimenting with multi-employer collective bargaining in Vietnam
The experimental shift to collective bargaining from the enterprise level to multi-employer level offers a feasible way to build the VGCL-affiliated unions’ independence from management. However, the real effects of the MEBAs on
workers’ interests depend first and foremost on the unions’ bargaining power which, again, dwells within the workers’ support and the capacity to organise strikes.
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Social and economic upgrading in the garment supply chain in Vietnam
This report finds little progress in product, functional and sectoral upgrading at the production level in the garment industry of Vietnam. The reasons for the stagnation in economic upgrading originate both in the international buyers’ policy to limit technology transfer to protect their business advantage and the lack of an effective industrial policy by the Vietnamese government. Social upgrading has been achieved mostly in the larger, export-oriented firms that are under the scrutiny of international buyers, while the SMEs and household businesses have been plagued with forced overtime, wildcat strikes, and low wages.
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